Pets can make for wonderful subjects but it can be a challenge to get that perfect shot. Follow these top tips and simple editing techniques to take your animal photos to the next level...

Beginner

1 Show character


The best pet photos show off the character of the animal, so don’t get bogged down in camera technique. Instead, choose a set-and-forget camera setting (try manual mode, 1/200 sec, f4, Auto ISO) and be prepared to capture the spontaneous moments and priceless expressions that your pets come up with. Of course, you could help to create such moments by, for example, spraying them with water, throwing food up in the air, making funny noises or doing anything else to provoke a reaction.

Boxer dog in a Boxer car
Props and surroundings let you tell a story with your pet photos and bring out the character of your subject. Image by Rupert Russell
A dressed up pug with its tongue stuck out
Don't get bogged down with camera technique, just have fun photographing your pets. Image by Lesley Pickersgill
Dog looking into street through a catflap
Choose a set-and-forget camera setting such as manual mode, 1/200 sec, f4, Auto ISO, and wait those spontaneous moments that make the picture. Image by Alison Lomax

2 Treats are good


Your typical pet isn’t in the slightest bit interested in having their photo taken, but most are very interested in treats and snacks. So keep a few in your pocket for times when the animal doesn’t want to pose or sit still. However, be ready with your camera because the moment you pull out the treat the animal will very likely jump up from your carefully prepared composition and trot straight up to you. As such, it can be useful to have a helper with you who can keep the animal in place.

A pair of Yorkshire terriers
Keep treats to hand to grab the attention of your pets. Image by Alexander Novikov

3 Seek out the best light


As with any type of portrait, the lighting is key in pet photos. Soft, natural light is ideal, so avoid direct sunlight and wait for cloud cover, and if shooting indoors position the pet near a window. Sometimes strong directional light can elevate the shot. Feathers and fur look wonderful when lit from behind by a low sun. The edges of the fur will glow as the light filters through it.

A cute duckling at sunrise
Try backlighting feathers and fur with the evening sun to separate your subject from the background. Image by Grigor Ivanov

4 Find a fun angle


If there’s one thing the internet has a surplus of, it’s photos of pets. One way to make yours stand out from the crowd is to find a dynamic angle for your shot. It needn’t be as extreme as putting your camera down a rabbit hole, but a little thought into your camera angle can go a long way. Perhaps your pet has a favourite blanket you could capture them under, or a tree they like to climb. Including details like this can elevate your photos beyond mere pet portraits and show the character of the animal.

A West Highland White Terrier dog peers into a rabbit hole
A unusual camera angle can elevate your pet portrait to the next level. Image by Tom Lowe

5 Capture action


Capturing pets in action can be a challenge for your camera technique, but it’s a great way to show the animal at their athletic best. You’ll need a fast shutter speed of at least 1/500 sec, or upwards of 1/1000 sec for very fast-moving subjects like jumping animals or birds in flight. Use your camera’s shutter priority mode to set a fast shutter speed. Engage continuous auto-focus to track the movement and set a high drive rate so you can shoot a burst of rapid fire frames when the action happens.

A Dalmatian dog jumping in the snow
A fast shutter speed and continuous autofocus can allow you to capture moments of action. Image by Pamela Bühler

6 Shoot at eye level


Whether shooting animals or people, one way to create a connection with the viewer is to place the camera at eye level. This becomes more important with pets as it often means getting down low to the ground. As well as the connection we can create, it’s also a great way to show the surroundings from the perspective of the animal. If you like you can go even lower than eye level so your camera is looking up at the pet. This can make the animal appear statuesque and strong, plus it’s a viewpoint we don’t often see of our animals in day-to-day life.

Easter rabbit and Easter eggs on a spring day
Bring your camera low to the ground to show the world from the animal’s perspective. Image by Grigor Ivanov
A West Highland White Terrier dog licks his nose whilst posing for the camera in a calm sea at sunset.
A low-down perspective also makes it easier to throw backgrounds out-of-focus. Image by Tom Lowe

7 Shoot a tight close-up


For a bold pet portrait try framing tightly on the face and ensure that the eyes are perfectly sharp. This can be a bit of a challenge with animals, as the autofocus may snap on to the end of their nose rather than their eyes, which can throw the eyes out-of-focus in close-ups. Use single point autofocus and position the point over the closest eye. Many modern mirrorless cameras have eye-detection autofocus, which can give you a great advantage when capturing animal close-ups.

Close up image of the cat taken with an XF 60mm
When shooting faces side-on, focus on the eye closest to the camera. Image by Ben Hutchinson

8 Use Lightroom profiles


Lightroom offers a range of one-click profiles that can be very useful for creating a mood in your pet photos. Simply import the image into Lightroom then go to the Profile browser in the Basic Panel and hover over the different options to see how they look. Once chosen, you can adjust the strength of the colour shift with a handy Amount slider.

Giving a cat portrait a vintage look in Lightroom
Use Lightroom Profiles to shift colours for a fresh look - here the Vintage 06 profile gives a warm finish

9 Try black and white


A bold black and white treatment can be a great choice for pet photos. Black and white has a magical ability to draw attention to expression, so it’s fantastic for showcasing faces. The absence of colour also emphasises other things like textures and fur, especially if the animal has attractive patterning. There are many ways to convert to black and white. Lightroom users can try the set of handy B&W profiles for a one-click monochrome effect, or fine-tune the conversion with the B&W Mixer controls.

Converting a dog portrait to black and white in Adobe Lightroom
A black and white conversion emphasises textures and expressions in your pet photos
Editor's tip:

Learn more about converting any kind of photo to black and white with our dedicated guide and top tips on black and white conversions here.

Boxer dog portrait in black and white
A strong dark background can help amplify the fine details of your pet portrait and will give it a classic look. Image by Tamás Szarka

10 Make local adjustments


Lightroom’s Adjustment Brush is one of the best tools for editing your pet photos, as it lets you paint tonal adjustments to the areas that need it. So if you need to give the pet a lift then you can paint to increase the exposure, saturation and clarity. Making local adjustments like this is often a better way to work than applying universal edits, and it’s a great way to enhance important features like eyes and fur.

Portrait of a parrot as seen in Adobe Lightroom
The Adjustment Brush lets us paint over the subject’s face to boost exposure, clarity and saturation

Screenshots by James Paterson